Melasma often referred to as dark spots or liver spots, is a particular form of hyperpigmentation that women are generally more prone to than men. That is because it can be caused by wayward hormones, as well as excessive UV ray exposure, making it quite difficult to treat. The fact that it can be triggered and worsened by hormonal fluctuations makes it harder to keep under control compared to other forms of hyperpigmentation.
But, there is hope. There have been several recent breakthroughs in medical science that have provided doctors with more in-office dermatology services near Bucks County, PA than ever before for this frustrating condition. That said, here are three of the most common and effective medical procedures for melasma:
A topical peel is a chemical treatment that is applied to the surface of your facial skin in the form of a mask. The ingredients in the hardened compound are designed to react with your dead skin cells at their outermost layer, sloughing them off and resurfacing your skin, making it smoother and more refreshed. This process also stimulates your skin’s natural healing process, encouraging rapid cell turnover and accelerated healing.
These peels, usually made from hydroxy acids that are often lactic or glycolic, are especially effective at removing the discoloration caused by melasma. They also work to prevent further accumulation of extra melanin in your skin, keeping you from experiencing a subsequent occurrence of melasma.
Another in-office melasma treatment is microdermabrasion. This is a process where your treatment provider will use a wand studded with very fine crystals to gently exfoliate your top layer of skin. Like a topical peel, this procedure also promotes the growth of new skin cells by removing old and damaged ones, including those that are discolored due to melasma.
Please note that if your condition is more severe than average, microdermabrasion treatment may be needed approximately once a week to keep your skin both clear and smooth. However, it is best to use it in conjunction with other treatments, as it has not been shown to be as successful when applied on its own.
Microneedling is another treatment that your medical provider can do for you in his or her office. It basically uses a device that features multiple mini needles that pierce the surface of your skin. This is done to break the subcutaneous blood vessels in an effort to increase your blood supply to the skin that was just punctured.
This action will trigger new collagen and skin cell growth, reducing the appearance of melasma by improving the overall texture of your skin.
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Each of these methods is successful at fighting the disfiguring effects of melasma in their own respective ways. The best treatment for you may differ from others since everyone has distinct skin types, and for some folks, a combination of multiple procedures may be necessary to see the best results.
That is where Pennsylvania Dermatology Specialists, your cosmetic dermatologist in Southampton, PA, can help. Give us a call or come in today and we can discuss with you which treatment may be right for your specific condition and skin type.